A majority of historians are sure that the toponym has its roots in the Sak and Skif tribes. Thus, even historians with a biased view of Azerbaijan are convinced that the toponym Artsakh comes from the Sak and Skif tribes, and not from Armenia.
The active archaeological expeditions that began during that time visually proved that the territory of Azerbaijan is one of the birthplaces of the world’s ancient civilizations.
The territory between the Kura and Aras rivers where nowadays Karabakh is situated was an ancient land belonging to Azerbaijan where different tribes once lived independently.
As an ethnic group Albans were the leading tribe in Caucasian Albania, as well as in the whole region. Therefore, according to ancient scholars, Caucasian Albania took its name from Albans.
In the beginning of the early Middle Ages, different local tribes whose origins lay in Turkish and Persian ethnic groups lived in Karabakh.